Dr. Abou El Fadl's articles on Muslim minorities helped to define the discourse in the field of issues pertaining to Muslims living in non-Muslim majority countries. The following articles are among his most cited works on this topic.
“Striking the Balance: Islamic Legal Discourse on Muslim Minorities.” Muslims on the Americanization Path? Edited by Yvonne Haddad and John Esposito. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1998; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
“Muslims and Accessible Jurisprudence in Liberal Democracies: A Response to Edward B. Foley's Jurisprudence and Theology." Fordham Law Review 66 (1998): 1227 – 1231.
“Muslim Minorities and Self-Restraint in Liberal Democracies.” Loyola Law Review 29, no. 4 1996, 1525 - 1542.
“Islamic Law and Muslim Minorities: The Juristic Discourse on Muslim Minorities from the Second/Eighth to the Eleventh/Seventeenth Centuries.” Islamic Law and Society 1, no. 2 (1994): 141 - 187.
“Legal Debates on Muslim Minorities: Between Rejection and Accommodation.” Journal of Religious Ethics 22, no. 1, (1994): 127 - 162.